Harvesting Epi Seeds

These are the tools you will need to separate epiphyllum seeds from their fruit. They consist of a couple of bowls, a glass jar with lid, a sharp knife, a spoon, a pen or marker for labeling, a screen-type strainer, a cookie sheet, and a silicone non-stick baking mat or a sheet of wax or parchment paper. You may also want to have on hand a roll of paper towels, paper or tape for labeling, a pair of tweezers and some small ziplock plastic bags.

Slice_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Using the sharp knife cut the fruit in half lengthwise. I like to do this on a slight diagonal. This avoids having to cut through the tough bits at either end of the fruit. Watch your fingers!

Fruit_Cut_In_Half_Epi_Seed_Harvest

The halved fruit displayed cut side up to show the seeds.

Scoop_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Scoop the pulp and seeds from the fruit using the spoon.

Spooned_Out_Epi_Seed_Harvest

The scooped out pulp and seeds in a bowl. Note the empty fruit skin in my left hand. If any seeds remain clinging to the skin, you can scrape them out with the edge of the spoon.

Mash_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Mash the fruit as completely as possible with your hands. You’ll notice the sticky sliminess of the pulp as you squish it between your fingers. Yuck! This stickiness is why you want to try to separate the pulp from the seeds as completely as possible. If a lot of pulp remains with the seeds later when you dry them, it will glue them together in clumps, making it difficult to sow them evenly when it is time to plant.

Mashed_Epi_Seed_Harvest

The hand mashed fruit in a bowl. At this stage, some of the seeds have been separated from the pulp, and some seeds are still adhering to pieces of pulp.

Sieve_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Place the strainer in the other bowl. Spoon the mashed fruit into the strainer a little bit at a time and push it through the mesh with your fingers. Some of the seeds will go through the screen and some of them will not. When you have strained all of the mashed fruit through the screen, scrape the whole mess from both sides of the screen into the bowl with the edge of the spoon. Any seedless pulp left on the screen can be discarded. This step separates even more of the seeds from the pulp.

After_Sieving_Epi_Seed_Harvest

This is the fruit in the bowl after straining.

Jarring_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Pour the strained fruit into the jar. If any material sticks to the bowl, scrape it into the jar using the spoon.

Add_Water_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Fill the jar with water leaving an inch or so of headroom. Tap water will work just as well as bottled water.

Secure_Lid_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Filled jar with lid secured. Tighten the lid enough to prevent leakage.

Shake_Vigorously_Epi_Seed_Harvest

With the lid secured, shake the jar vigorously, agitating the seeds and pulp. Let the jar stand for 24 to 36 hours. You can agitate it again a couple of times during this period.

Settle_and_Separate_Epi_Seed_Harvest

This is the jar of pulp and seeds with some back lighting to show the separation of layers after a period of settling. The non-viable seeds have floated to the top. The good seeds have settled to the bottom along with some of the pulp. The longer the jar sits, the more pulp will float up into the middle levels of the jar.

Decant_1_Epi_Seed_Harvest

After the settling period, slowly and carefully decant the floating non-viable seeds and floating pulp from the jar. Try not to agitate the jar too much.

Decant_2_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Continue slowly decanting until you don’t think you can get any more material out of the jar without spilling the good seeds. At this point, if you think it is necessary, you can add more water to the jar, allow the contents to settle for a few minutes and then repeat the decanting process. Decanted non-viable seeds and pulp can be discarded.

Spoon_Out_Stragglers_Epi_Seed_Harvest

Once you have decanted all you can, you may want to spoon out any remaining floating (non-viable) seeds or pulp. Once that is done, what you should be left with are good seeds, very little remaining pulp and very little remaining water.Once you have decanted all you can, you may want to spoon out any remaining floating (non-viable) seeds or pulp. Once that is done, what you should be left with are good seeds, very little remaining pulp and very little remaining water.

Silpat_1_Epi_Seed_Harvest